The Origins of Centralized Regulatory Review


OIRA’s Formative Years:  The Historical Record of Centralized Regulatory Review Preceding OIRA’s Founding

Jim Tozzi


This publication traces the development of one of the most controversial mechanisms for managing the administrative state in the United States, the White House Office of Management and Budget review of regulations. The article begins with the design of the program during the Johnson Administration, its partial implementation during the Nixon and Ford Administrations, its integration with related government programs during the Carter Administration and its government-wide implementation in the Reagan Administration. The author was the ranking career civil servant in charge of the implementation of the program during these five Presidential Administrations.

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