Editor Notes

The Emergence and Critical Role of Policy Entrepreneurs in the Operation of Federal Regulatory Agencies

Based upon our observations, unfortunately it appears that a significant number of our most gifted graduates are focused on a career in Wall Street or Silicon Valley. If our educational and governmental institutions agree with the aforementioned observation, what are they doing to address this problem? If so a number of our readers are interested in accessing the said information. Please send the relevant information to:  contact@thecre.com .

(1) CRE appreciates the timely comments it has received. We are making the following statements in response to several of the questions we have received.

Policy Entrepreneurs in Government Agencies

The Senior Executive Service is inhabited by policy entrepreneurs whose reward is in their historical accounts—not their bank accounts.

We  read with interest each year the recipients of the Schwab Foundation, an affiliate of the World Economic Forum,  awards for social entrepreneurs. Without a doubt they make a very meaningful contribution to society. However, with very few exceptions and unlike the programs developed by the policy  entrepreneurs in governmental agencies, all the participants in the program are winners and there are no losers (adversely impacted individuals).

Hats off to the Fed

December 31, 2023


Everything is not broken in Washington.

Notwithstanding there is no bipartisan agreement on issues such as abortion, China, climate change, deficit spending, immigration and two foreign wars, the Federal government, acting through the Federal Reserve Board,  has addressed inflation in an equitable and  forceful manner. Hopefully, the American citizenry need not await the outcome of the forthcoming election for the the federal government to address the aforementioned issues of national significance.

Capitol (Federal) Focus Jazz Band

Just back from playing the Nashville live music scene including Rudy’s Jazz Room, the National Museum of African-American Music, and the Music City Jazz Jam, the Capital Focus Jazz Band brings youthful energy to Traditional Jazz favorites.

The concert will include the music of Jelly Roll Morton, early Duke Ellington, Clarence Williams, Eubie Blake, Lu Watters, Fats Waller and much more, including some familiar favorites and a brass band second line.

New Orleans Jazz Greats

Music Critics:

I just finished an interview regarding New Orleans Jazz greats and thought you might find it of interest. They asked who my all-time favorites were; I replied that the Humphrey Band who performed at Preservation Hall.

That said, I thought there were two individual musicians, as opposed to their band, that stood the tallest among their peers. One of them, George Lewis who I knew very well and who performed Burgundy Street Blues and the other Sidney Bechet who played La Petite Fleur who I did not know. George played the clarinet and Bechet the soprano sax.

Information Quality Act

SEC. 515. (a) IN GENERAL.—The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall, by not later than September 30 2001, and with public and Federal agency involvement, issue guidelines under sections 3504(d)(1) and 3516 of title 44, United States Code, that provide policy and procedural guidance to Federal agencies for ensuring and maximizing the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of information (including statistical information) disseminated by Federal agencies in fulfillment of the purposes and provisions of chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code, commonly referred to as the Paperwork Reduction Act. (b)

CONTENT OF GUIDELINES.—The guidelines under subsection (a) shall—

The Revitalization of OIRA?

In a recent symposium sponsored by the GW Regulatory Studies Center and the IBM Center for the Business of Government, one discussion forum focused on the future directions for OIRA.

The event was timely in that in the forty plus years of its existence the OIRA personnel level has been slashed some 50%.

Having reflected on the discussion, here is a strategy that should be considered;

Nine Pacesetters for the Establishment of Centralized Regulatory Review via the Quality of Life Review


 Yale Law Journal

 National Resources Defense Council

 Urban Institute and NYU Law

 Virginia Journal of Natural Resources Law

 National Archives

Nixon Foundation

 Princeton Doctoral Dissertation

Washington Post/ New York Times

Profile Jim Tozzi


Presidential Power

Extracted from–

1979 Presidential Power and Administrative Rulemaking

Harold H. Bruff

Yale Law Journal

Another form of procedural requirement can promote coordination among agencies and can also influence the substance of regulation. Imposition of interagency review and comment procedures forces the subject agency to respond to the comments of other agencies in explaining its rules, even though the reviewing agencies are not granted the power to mandate changes in the rules. An example of this is “Quality of Life” review, instituted by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1971 to review environmental regulations.

Vintage OIRA

Bing              Who is the single person most responsible for starting OIRA?

Google          White House Presence

Google          Has the Reign of the Economist Ended?

CRE               Notable Managers of the Administrative State

CRE               Leading Regulatory Officials: By Administration


Jim Tozzi is the individual who was involved in the formulation and initiation of centralized regulatory review over the course of five presidential administrations, from its inception (Johnson Administration) to its development (Nixon and Ford Administrations) to its codification (Carter Administration) and finally to its government-wide implementation (Reagan Administration).