PPBS, Planning, Programming and Budget System, introduced by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, has a number of offspring.
It immediately shifted power from budget analysts to quantitative analysts. PPBS shops were prominent in the Department of Defense and eventually the concept was expanded to the civilian agencies.
As is the case with numerous government reform measures it disappeared; however some of its offspring remain in place. One of the most notable is centralized regulatory review. Centralized regulatory review is a descendant of the requirement that benefit-cost analyses be applied to regulations. See this article for the history.