Approaches for Controlling Illicit Tobacco Trade — Nine Countries and the European Union

Editor’s Note: The massive size of the illicit tobacco market demonstrates that current approaches to controlling the criminal trade in tobacco are not effective.

From: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Hana Ross, PhD; Muhammad Jami Husain, PhD; Deliana Kostova, PhD; Xin Xu, PhD; Sarah M. Edwards, MSPH; Frank J. Chaloupka, PhD; Indu B. Ahluwalia, PhD

An estimated 11.6% of the world cigarette market is illicit, representing more than 650 billion cigarettes a year and $40.5 billion in lost revenue. Illicit tobacco trade refers to any practice related to distributing, selling, or buying tobacco products that is prohibited by law, including tax evasion (sale of tobacco products without payment of applicable taxes), counterfeiting, disguising the origin of products, and smuggling. Illicit trade undermines tobacco prevention and control initiatives by increasing the accessibility and affordability of tobacco products, and reduces government tax revenue streams. . . . [Notes omitted]

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