From: The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit

Busting Myths About Smoking Cessation

A Synthesis of Population-Level Findings from the Ontario Tobacco Survey

By Michael Chaiton, Lori Diemert, Bo Zhang, Susan Bondy


From: Tobacco Control

Research paper

Chemometric and trace element profiling methodologies for authenticating, crossmatching and constraining the provenance of illicit tobacco products

William Edryd Stephens


Background Illicit tobacco products have a disproportionately negative effect on public health. Counterfeits and cheap whites as well as legal brands smuggled from countries not adopting track and trace technologies will require novel forensic tools to aid the disruption of their supply chains.

From: Tobacco Control

Roberto Magno Iglesias1, André Salem Szklo2, Mirian Carvalho de Souza2, Liz Maria de Almeida2

Correspondence to André Salem Szklo, Division of Epidemiology, Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), Rua Marquês de Pombal 125/7° andar, Centro, Rio de Janeiro 20230-240, Brazil; andreszk AT


Background Brazil experienced a large decline in smoking prevalence between 2008 and 2013. Tax rate increases since 2007 and a new tobacco tax structure in 2012 may have played an important role in this decline. However, continuous tax rate increases pushed up cigarette prices over personal income growth and, therefore, some consumers, especially lower income individuals, may have migrated to cheaper illicit cigarettes.

From: BMC Public Health. 2016 Jul 22;16:622. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3229-0.

Stratton J1, Shiplo S2, Ward M3, Babayan A2, Stevens A2, Edwards S2.



The sale of contraband tobacco allows for tobacco tax evasion, which can undermine the effectiveness of tobacco tax policies in reducing the number of smokers. Estimates of the proportion of contraband vary widely as do the methods used to measure the proportion of contraband being smoked. The purpose of this study is to determine the proportion of contraband use in two different jurisdictions.

From: 2016 APPAM Fall Research Conference |The Role of Research in Making Government More Effective

Thursday, November 3, 2016 : 10:20 AM – Northwest (Washington Hilton)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter


Mark Kleiman1, Jonathan Kulick2 and James Prieger2, (1)New York University, (2)Pepperdine University


Illicit trade in tobacco products (ITTP) is growing in the U.S and may increase even more as tobacco control tightens legal markets. The trade also appears to be becoming more violent, which can create significant economic and other social harms. This paper applies lessons from other illicit and violent markets to analyze various targeted enforcement strategies against ITTP. Three main targeting approaches are contrasted.  The first is suppression of market volume; i.e., indiscriminate enforcement action such as product seizures, intended to stem the supply of illicit product. The second approach is suppression of violence based on the “Pulling Levers” strategy in illicit drug law enforcement. In Pulling Levers, the most violent gang members/criminal participants are targeted and threatened with heavy sanction if they persist in illegal behavior. The third potential approach would be to focus on only those ITTP networks and organizations with ties to terrorism. The costs and benefits of each enforcement strategy to suppress violence in illicit markets are discussed. Assessing the costs and benefits requires an expectation of outcomes under each approach; therefore the promise and limitations of formal economic modeling applied to ITTP are explored. The existing literature from economics and other relevant disciplines is reviewed and adapted to the present policy issue of ITTP. The benefits of early enforcement timing to prevent market growth rather than reacting to it are also highlighted.

From: 2016 APPAM Fall Research Conference |The Role of Research in Making Government More Effective

Thursday, November 3, 2016 : 10:00 AM — Northwest (Washington Hilton)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter

Alberto Aziani1, Jonathan Kulick2, Neill Norman3 and James Prieger2, (1)Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, (2)Pepperdine University, (3)Cornerstone Research