From: Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr;105(4):750-756. EpubĀ  2015 Feb 25.

Kurti M1, von Lampe K, Johnson J.



We examined the impact of a change in New York tax law on the numbers of untaxed cigarettes bootlegged from Native American reservations and resold in the South Bronx.


Discarded cigarette packs were systematically collected in 30 randomized South Bronx census tracks before and after the amended tax law went into effect in 2011. Also, administrative data were gathered on the number of taxed cigarettes sold in New York State, including sales to Native American reservations.