A CRE Monograph which analyzes all aspects of the trade in contraband cigarettes.


Budget document discusses the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives’s (ATF’s) budget request and justification.


Testimony by Kevin L. Perkins, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division, Federal Bureau of Investigation before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ad Hoc Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration, March 11, 2010.


Newspaper investigation into how cigarette smuggling through the United States financed the murder of two British soldiers by an Irish Republican Army splinter group.


Master’s Thesis by Joseph A. Lanzante, Naval Postgraduate School, that seeks to “to expand on the literature that has been written on the possibility and impact of a relationship forming between criminal and terrorist organizations in terms of human smuggling. These entities could form a strategic alliance and leverage existing narcotics, weapons, and human smuggling corridors that exist south of the U.S./Mexico border to smuggle terrorist operatives into the U.S. thereby threatening U.S.  interests and national security.”


Prepared testimony by Michael J. Garcia, Assistant Secretary, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security Before House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Trade, “ICE Authorization for Fiscal Year 2005 and 2006” June 17, 2004.


US GAO Report to Congressional Requesters on the use of alternative financing mechanisms, such as cigarette smuggling, by terrorist groups.

Terrorist Financing

A federally-funded study discussing the links between global organized crime and terrorist organizations.

Conclusion: “Analysts must study patterns of organized crime-terrorism interaction as guidance for what may be observed subsequently in the United States. For instance, Hezbollah smuggling of cigarettes in the Tri-Border Area was subsequently found in North Carolina.”

Methods and Motives 

Prepared testimony by Peter A. Prahar of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs before the Senate Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee’s Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, and International Security.



Paper by the Peterson Institute for International Economics on North Korea’s trade activities.

North Korea’s External Economic Relations