The U.S. government is currently researching solutions to potential challenges posed by quantum computers. For organizations that operate classified or unclassified national security systems (NSS), and companies that build products used in NSS, the National Security Agency (NSA) recommends moving to a more quantum-resistant Commercial National Security Algorithm Suite. As quantum computers approach market-readiness, cryptography and cybersecurity professionals in all industries should be assessing their security frameworks and the potential of post quantum-resistant encryption techniques to protect their digital communications.
For national security, it is important for the U.S. government to regulate the export of high performance computers, encryption technology, and quantum cryptography. U.S. companies working in this area must ensure compliance with the government’s Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Necessary licenses must be obtained to export and even transfer encryption and cryptography technology between a U.S. company and its foreign subsidiary.