Series: Debating the Independent Retrospective Review of Regulations

From: RegBlog/Penn Program on Regulation

Advocates and critics of regulation make familiar but competing claims. Either regulations hamper economic growth, or their inadequacies contribute to economic failures. Either regulations stifle innovation, or they are needed to keep us safe.

Of course, all of these claims could be at least partly true, at least with respect to specific types of regulation or different types of public problems. But so far, authoritative answers have remained far too elusive.

GAO to OIRA: Link Retrospective Review to Agency GPRMA Goals

Editor’s Note:  GAO’s report, “Reexamining Regulations: Agencies Often Made Regulatory Changes, but Could Strengthen Linkages to Performance Goals. GAO-14-268” is attached here. The GAO report discusses the importance of retrospective review analysis and emphasizes the need for OIRA improve the links between retrospective analysis and Agency Priorty Goals (APGs)under the GPRA Mondernization Act (GPRMA). GAO also highlighted that they found greater transparency compared with 2007.

The following is an excerpt from the GAO report,

While Regulatory Spending and Output Increase, Economic Analysis of Regulations Is Often Incomplete

From: Mercatus

Jerry Ellig, James Broughel

Federal regulatory agencies consume enormous amounts of time and resources in producing approximately 3,000 final regulations each year. Agencies have seen sizable increases in their budgets in the last several years, as they have added thousands of new rules and requirements to the books. Unfortunately, the evidence suggests that these increases have not necessarily meant resources have been used well.

Reducing Costs and Burdens: Further Progress in Regulatory Lookback Effort

From: OIRA

By  Howard Shelanski

Over the last few years, Federal agencies have been implementing the President’s call for a government-wide review of existing regulations, identifying rules to be changed or removed because they are out-of-date, unnecessary, or overly burdensome.  As part of this retrospective review, or “regulatory lookback,” agencies across the Federal government have identified hundreds of initiatives to reduce burdens and save taxpayer dollars. In fact, the retrospective review effort to date includes actions that will save more than $13 billion dollars in the near term, with more savings on the way.

The Federal Rulemaking Process: Setting an Example for the World

Editor’s Note: Complaints about the American regulatory system make it easy to forget that our process sets an example for the world.; this is a trust that all participants in the regulatory process should strive to uphold.

From: Leadership — Nigeria’s Most Influential Newspaper

The Rulemaking Process

The reason for this article is to clearly educate the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) or the yet to be implemented merger called Federal Civil Aviation Authority (FCAA) on how rulemaking is processed in a rational country like the USA.

Retrospective Review: Do Agencies’ Proposals Measure Up?

From: George Washington University/Regulatory Studes Center–Regulatory Commentary

Sofie E. Miller, Policy Analyst

As part of our continuing focus on retrospective review of regulations, the GW Regulatory Studies Center is commencing a new initiative, the Retrospective Review Comment Project. Through this project, we will examine significant proposed regulations to assess whether they include plans for conducting retrospective review, and submit comments to provide suggestions on how best to incorporate plans for retrospective review when new regulations are issued. Our first retrospective review comment is on the National Labor Relations Board’s Representation Case Procedures proposal.

Analyzing the Job Impacts of Regulation

From: RegBlog/Penn Program on Regulation

Competing and extreme claims about the relationship between regulation and jobs pervade political debate in Washington, D.C.  Some politicians claim that regulations kill significant numbers of jobs by increasing the cost of production, while others claim that regulations create jobs by creating new products and new opportunities for investment.  Ultimately this heated debate provides little insight into what is, at root, an important empirical question in an era of bleak economic conditions: Do regulations actually kill jobs?

(UK) HM Treasury Guidance on Appraisal of Government Programs

Editor’s Note: CRE in engaged in a long-term project analyzing the centralized regulatory review function in Brazil and the UK. As part of this project, CRE highlights HM Treasury’s just-released binding guidance document, The Green Book: Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government along with its associated business model guidance and templates and its supplementary guidance for specialized purposes, such as assert valuation, discounting and risk. Below is HM Treasury’s overview of The Green Book followed by a brief excerpt from its Preface.

From: HM Treasury

GAO Spotlights MSHA’s Data Selection Decision

Editor’s Note: The GAO Mine Safety Report GAO-14-345, “Basis for Proposed Exposure Limit on Respirable Coal Mine Dust and Possible Approaches for Lowering Dust Levels,” found here, assesses MSHA’s decision to “not use NIOSH’s surveillance data as the basis for its proposed new coal mine dust limit…” and instead base their proposal on other available data. GAO’s assessment of the agency’s data selection decision indicates that their auditing standards are consistent with OIRA’s government-wide data quality requirements.

Below is are two excerpts from the GAO report.

Measuring the Impact of Public Comments

Editor’s Note: Analyses seeking to understand the effect of public comments need to analyze the substance of the comments submitted.

From: George Washington University/Regulatory Studies Center

Steven J. Balla

For decades, a central question in rulemaking has been the extent to which public comments on proposed rules affect the substance of agency regulations. On the one hand, the notice and comment process has been likened to Kabuki theater. On the other hand, researchers have discovered that, under certain circumstances, comments can have substantial effects on final rules.