CRE Library of Reference Works: The Regulation of Marine Sound

Dec 26, 2012

This page is a “Living Library” of studies dedicated to the Regulation of  Seismic Exploration.

 

Our readers are encouraged to provide CRE with additional studies  by posting  them  on the CRE website at this address or by email  to CRE.

 

The following studies are referenced   in ” A Review of  the Effects of Seismic Surveys on Marine Mammals “[1]–the subject of the CRE peer review.  The  CRE peer review is being conducted through the use of an Interactive Public Docket( IPD) [2], a concept first developed by CRE,  and demonstrates that an informed venting of regulatory issues in an open forum by stakeholders and the public can provide a valuable input to federal regulators  as encouraged by the Administraton’s  “Open Government” initiative.

 

CRE’s  many readers are encouraged to present  their comments on the articles which follow consistent with CRE’s Editorial Policy.  Comments can be posted on the homepage by using the  “Submit a Post”  function thereon.  Comments can be submitted anonymously without registration.

 

 

Library:   ” A Review of the  Effects of Seismic Surveys  on Marine Mammals”  [1]

 

Au, W.L., Temporary threshold shift in hearing induced by an octave band of continuous noise in the bottlenose dolphin

 

Baird, R.W.,   Studying diving behavior of whales and dolphins using suction-cup attached tags

 

Balcomb, K.C.,  A mass stranding of cetaceans caused by naval sonar in the Bahamas

 

Bohne, B.A.,  Examination of potential hearing damage in Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes weddelli) in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica

 

Bohne, B.A.,  Evaluation of inner ear pathology in Weddell seals

 

Bowles, A.E., Relative abundance and behavior of marine mammals exposed to transmission from the Heard Island feasibility test

 

Crum, L.A., Acoustically enhanced bubble growth at low frequencies and its implications for human diver and marine mammal safety

 

Cudahy, E.,  A review of the potential for in vivo tissue damage by exposure to underwater sound

 

Culik, B.M.,  Reactions of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) and herring (Clupea harengus) to acoustic alarms

 

Delong, R.L.,  Diving patterns of northern elephant seal bulls

 

Engas, A.,  Effects of seismic shooting on catch and catch-availability of cod and haddock

 

Evans, D.I., Joint interim report Bahamas marine mammal stranding event of 15-16 March 2000

 

Fedak, M.A., Attachment of a radio tag to the fur of seals

 

Finneran, J.J., Auditory and behavioral responses of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) to impulsive sounds resembling distant signatures of underwater explosions

 

Finneran, J.J.,  Auditory and behavioral responses of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) to single underwater impulses from an arc-gap transducer

 

Fletcher, S., Onboard acoustic recording from diving northern elephant seals

 

Frantzis, A.,  Does acoustic testing strand whales?

 

Gausland, I.,  The impact of seismic surveys on marine life

 

Gentry, R.L.,   Mass Stranding of Beaked Whales in the Galapagos Islands, April 2000

 

Goertner, J.F.,  Prediction of underwater explosion safe ranges for sea mammals

 

Goold, J.C., Acoustic assessment of populations of common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in conjunction with seismic surveying

 

Goold, J.C.,  Broadband spectra of seismic survey air gun emissions, with reference to dolphin auditory thresholds

 

Greenwood, P.L., Salivary and plasma cortisol as an index of stress in goats

 

Harris, R.E., Seal responses to air gun soundsduring summer seismic surveys in the AlaskanBeaufort Sea

 

Harwood, J., The implications of developments on the Atlantic Frontier for marine mammals

 

Hooker, S.K.,  Deep-diving behaviour of the northern bottlenose whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus (Cetacea : Ziphiidae)

 

Hoyt, E., The worldwide value and extent of whale watching, 1995

 

Jepson, P.D.,  Was sonar responsible for a spate of whale deaths after an Atlantic military exercise?

 

Johnson, C.S.,  Masked tonal hearing thresholds in the beluga whale

 

Johnson, M.P., A digital acoustic recording tag for measuring the response of wild marine mammals to sound

 

Kastak, D., Underwater temporary threshold shift induced by octaveband noise in three species of pinniped

 

Ketten, D.R., Blast injury in humpback whale ears: evidence and implications

 

Kryter, K.D., The effects of noise on man

 

Laroche, C., The growth of and recovery from TTS in human subjects exposed to impact noise

 

Lewis, T., Acoustic Cetacean Monitoring 1996 to 1999: towards the development of an automated system-summary report

 

Ljungblad, D.K.,  Observations on the behavioral responses of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) to active geophysical vessels in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea

 

Lydersen, C.,  Salinity and temperature structure of a freezing Arctic fjord – monitored by white whales (Delphinapterus leucas)

 

Madsen, P. T.,  Male sperm whale behavior during exposure to distant seismic survy pulses

 

Malme, C.I., Investigations of the potential effects of underwater noise from petroleum industry activities on migrating gray whale behavior/Phase II: January 1984 migration

 

Malme, C.I.,  Observations of feeding gray whale responses to controlled industrial noise exposure. In: Port and Ocean Engineering Under Arctic Conditions

 

Martin, A. R., Dive form and function in belugas (Delphinapterus leucas) of the eastern Canadian High Arctic

 

Mate, B.R.,  A change in sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) distribution correlated to seismic surveys in the Gulf of Mexico

 

Mate, B.R.,  Movements of North Pacific blue whales during the feeding season off southern California and their southern fall migration

 

McCauley, R.D.,  High intensity anthropogenic sound damages fish ears

 

McConnell, B. J.,  Foraging ecology of southern elephant seals in relation to the bathymetry and productivity of the Southern Ocean

 

McDonald, M.A.,  Blue and fin whales observed on a seafloor array in the Northeast Pacific

 

McGlone, J.J., Shipping stress and social status effects pig performance, plasma cortisol, natural killer cell activity, and leukocyte numbers

 

Melnick, W.,   Human temporary threshold shift (TTS) and damage risk

 

National Research Council (NRC)., Marine Mammals and Low-Frequency Sound

 

National Research Council (NRC)., Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals

 

Norris, K.S.,  A theory for the function of the spermaceti organ of the sperm whale (Physeter catodon)

 

Payne, R., Orientation by means of long range acoustic signaling in baleen whales

 

Rankin, S.,  Effects of low frequency seismic exploration sounds on the distribution of cetaceans in the northern Gulf of Mexico

 

Reeves, R.R.,  Bowhead whales and acoustic seismic surveys in the Beaufort Sea

 

Richardson, W.J.,  Reactions of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) to seismic exploration in the Canadian Beaufort Sea

 

Richardson, W.J.,  Displacement of migrating bowhead whales by sounds from seismic surveys in shallow waters of the Beaufort Sea

 

Richmond, D.R.,  Far-field underwater blast injuries produced by small charges

 

Ridgway, S.H., Behavioral responses and temporary shift in masked hearing thresholds of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, to 1-second tones of 141 to 201 dB re 1 micro Pa

 

Ridgway, S.H.,  Dolphins and the bends

 

Schlundt, C.E.,  Temporary shift in masked hearing thresholds of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, and white whales, Delphinapterus leucas, after exposure to intense tones

 

Skalski, J.R.,  Effects of sounds from a geophysical survey device on catch-per-unit effort in a hook-and-line fishery for Rockfish (Sebastes)

 

Stone, C.J., The effects if seismic activity on marine mammals in UK waters, 1998-2000

 

Thomas, J.A.,  Behavior and blood catechaloamines of captive belugas during playbacks of noise from an oil drilling platform

 

Thompson, D., Cardiac responses of grey seals during diving at sea

 

Thompson, D., How long should a dive last?

 

Thompson, D.,  Movements, diving and foraging behavior of grey Seals (Halichoerus-grypus)

 

Turnpenny, A.W.H.,  The effects on marine fish, diving mammals and birds of underwater sound generated by seismic surveys.

 

Tyack, P.,  Controlled exposure experiments to determine the efforts of noise on marine mammals

 

Wartzok,D.,  Factors Affecting the Responses of Marine Mammals to Acoustic Disturbance

 

Watkins, W.A.,  Sperm whale surface activity from tracking by radio and satellite tags

 

Watkins, W.A., Sperm whales tagged with transponders and tracked underwater by sonar

 

Yelverton, J.T.,  Safe distances from underwater explosion for mammals and birds

 

 

Library:   CRE  IPD’s Related  to Marine Issues

 

Marine Mammals

Ocean Zoning

NGO Energy Fourm

                          

 

 

Library:  CRE  Websites  Related to Federal Regulatory Policy

OIRA Watch

Regulatory Cybersecurity

FACA  Under Fire

WatchDog Watch

CyberActivist.US

FedLaw

        

             Search  Capabilty Across all  CRE Websites and IPD’s

 

Library:   CRE  Regulatory Filings on Marine Noise and Related Marine Activities (Through December 2012)

 

CRE White Paper Evaluating the Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan

The White Paper is available in its entirety here: Evaluation of Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan

 

CRE Comments on the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) Information Collection Request (ICR) for Certain Offshore Activities, Including Seismic

Comments are available in their entirety: BSEE ICR on Offshore Activities

 

CRE Brazil Comments on Draft Guidance to Manage the Risk to Marine Mammals from Man-made Sound Sources in Irish Water

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Brazil Comments on Man-Made Sound Sources in Irish Water

 

CRE Brazil Comments on SCientific Synthesis on the Impacts of Underwater Noise on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity and Habitats

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Brazil Comments on UN Noise Report

 

CRE Comments on Supplemental EIS for Proposed Western Planning Area, Lease Sale 233 and Central Planning Area, Lease Sale 231

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on BOEM SEIS

 

CRE Comments on Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (“DPEIS”) For Geological and Geophysical Exploration on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf.

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on Atlantic PEIS

 

CRE Comments on NMFS Draft Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stocks and CRE’s Comments on Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stocks: Report of the GAMM III Workshop

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on NFMS Guidelines and  GAMMS III

 

CRE Comments on NMFS’s Artic EIS

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on Arctic EIS

 

CRE Comments on the National Ocean Council’s Draft Implementation Plan

Comments available in their entirety here: Comments on draft implementation plan–Center for Regulatory Effectiveness

 

CRE Comments on Gulf of Mexico DEIS

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on BOEM DEIS Gulf of Mexico

 

CRE  Comments on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) proposed Information Collection Request (ICR) for the National Marine Sanctuaries’ permit program.

Comments available in their entirety here: CRE Comments on NOAA Marine Sanctuaries ICR

 

CRE Submits Comment to BOEM on Draft PEIS for OCS 5 Year Plans

Please read the comments in their entirety here: PEIS Proposed 5yr OCS Leasing Comments–Center for Regulatory Effectiveness

 

CRE Comments on  Proposed Information Collection Request (“ICR”), Permits for Incidental Taking of Endangered or Threatened Species,

Comments available in their entirety here: nmfsesaicrcomments

 

CRE  Comments on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (“NOAA”) National Marine Protected Areas Center External Review

Comments available in their entirety here: mmmpaoverviewcomments

 

Marine Mammal Commission Responds  Favorably to CRE Request to Issue DQA Guidelines
http://www.thecre.com/quality/2011/20110822_regweek.html

 

Comments by the Center for Regulatory Effectiveness on BOEMRE ICRS OCS Seismic
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=698

 

 

 

CRE Comments on BOEMRE’s  ICR for Geological and Geophysical Explorations of the OCS
http://www.thecre.com:80/creipd/?p=685

 

 

 

CRE Comments on Draft  NOAA Scientific Integrity Policy and Handbook for Public Review
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=667

 

 

 

CRE Files Comments on BOEMRE’s Revised Take for Gulf of Mexico Seisimic
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=628

 

 

CRE Comments on Marine Spatial Planning
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=616

 

 

CRE Transmits its Recommendations on Coastal and Marine Spatial  Planning
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=506

 

 

CRE Comments on BOEMRE’s  Scoping for its Multisale Environmental Impacts
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=482

 

 

 

Where We  Stand on Sesimic Litigation
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=411

 

 

 

SPL vs. SEL
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=407

 

 

 

Who’s Right About Seismic Models?
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=399

 

 

CRE Recommendation to BOEMRE for the OCS Scientific Committee
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=385

 

 

 

Who’s Right About Sesimic Models?
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=399

 

 

 

CRE Testifies at NOAA Alaksa Hearings
http://www.thecre.com/creipd/?p=213

 

Attached Files:

 

CRE Files Comments on Arctic  EIS
ArcticEISNOIcomments

CRE Issues Data Quality Alert to NMFS on Gulf of Mexico Take Rule

 

 

CRE Files Comments on OCS Five Year Plan

 

 

The Implications of the NOAA National System of Marine Protected Areas on the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act

 

Other CRE Regulatory Filings

 

Updating a Government Report 24/7

CRE Comments on Atlantic PEIS

FACA Ocean

Charting the Course

MMS MPA Five Year Plan Conflict …

NS Submission

OCS Comments

CRE CEQ

Data Quality Alert GOM

mmmpaoverviewcomments

nmfsesaicrcomments

CRE Comments on NOAA Marine Sanctuaries ICR

CRE Comments on BOEM DEIS Gulf of Mexico 2-13

CRE Comments Arctic EIS

CRE Comments on NFMS Draft Guidelines for Assessing Marine Mammal Stock and GAMMS III

BSEE ICR on Offshore Activities

 

 

Library:   Posts written by CRE  (September 2005 thru  December 2012)

 
 
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Endnotes

[1]  The following studies are used in the CRE peer review of   ” A Review of  the Effects of Seismic Surveys on Marine Mammals “.   Some of the studies presened in the Review  suggest, however slight,  a negative relationship between  marine sound and the well being of marine mammals.

 

CRE does  not share this view in that it has filed statements  (pg 3) in numerous rulemakings to the effect that a number of  federal agencies have examined the record and they have found no record of that segment of marine sound limited to sesimic operations has had any negative impact on the well being of marine mammals.   The laudable record of no negative impact on marine mammals is testimony to the fact that the existing regulatory regime for seismic operations  is sufficient to protect marine mammals.

 

Notwithstanding the aforementioned record proponents often cite the above studies or their progeny as a basis for additional layers of regulation.  Consequently we are positioning these studes  for detailed review in an open forum

 

[2] What is an IPD?

 

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