From: The Guardian


India is the first country to mandate a minimum spend on corporate social responsibility initiatives. In a country facing multiple socio-economic challenges – can it work?


Ashok Prasad


India is the first country in the world to mandate corporate social responsibility. On 1 April this year, the government of India implemented new CSR guidelines requiring companies to spend 2% of their net profit on social development.


From: Bloomberg


By Katie Smith Milway


Social enterprise in the U.S. is a fast-growing, but fragmented, movement. Looking at a recent release of data from The Great Social Enterprise Census, only a fifth are larger than $2 million in budget, just 8% employ more than a 100 people, and 60% were founded in the past 8 years, when the movement really began to gain momentum.


What happened in 2006? And is this kind of rapid growth good news?


From: Bloomberg/BusinessWeek

By Isis Almeida and Lucia Kassai

Miguel Abitbol spent almost $4,000 on television equipment to show World Cup soccer matches at his bar and restaurant in Rio de Janeiro. He’s praying there will be enough electricity to power it.

Abitbol’s 48-inch (122-centimeter) set is one of 16 million expected to be sold in Brazil this year as it hosts the world’s most-watched sporting event. The kick off in June is looming as the nation contends with a drought that reduced water supply needed for hydro power to near-critical levels. A blackout in February cut electricity to 6 million people.

From: Farm and Dairy

SEATTLE — The Arctic is home to a growing number of whales and ships, and to populations of sub-Arctic whales that are expanding their territory into newly ice-free Arctic waters.


A study of the narrow passage of the Bering Strait uses underwater microphones to track the whales by their sounds. Three years of recordings reveal more detections of both Arctic and sub-Arctic whales traveling through the narrow choke point.


Kate Stafford, an oceanographer with the University of Washington’s Applied Physics Laboratory, presented the results Feb. 26 at the Ocean Sciences meeting in Honolulu.

         The CRE website was attacked with the result that had we not pulled down the website we would have risked loosing content.

         We appreciate your many emails and we are  working to continue to install state of the art  early warning systems.  We must , however, add that we have only had two major outages in more than a decade of operation.

        We are particularly concerned that some of you could not use the website for the preparation of regulatory filings.

Gailey Sakhalin Study

20 January 2013
The study focuses on the impact of seismic  operations on whales in the Sakhalin Islands of Russia.


It concluded:


“In summary, after accounting for environmental variables, no correlation was found between seismic survey variables and the linearity of whale movements,
changes in whale swimming speed between theodolite fixes, mean direction of whale movement, mean number of whale exhalations per minute at the surface, mean time at the surface, and mean number of exhalations per minute during a whales surfaceto-dive cycle. In contrast, at higher received sound energy exposure levels, whales traveled faster, changed directions of movement less, were recorded further from shore, and stayed under water longer
between respirations.”


This page is a “Living Library” of studies dedicated to the Regulation of  Seismic Exploration.


Our readers are encouraged to provide CRE with additional studies  by posting  them  on the CRE website at this address or by email  to CRE.


The following studies are referenced   in ” A Review of  the Effects of Seismic Surveys on Marine Mammals “[1]–the subject of the CRE peer review.  The  CRE peer review is being conducted through the use of an Interactive Public Docket( IPD) [2], a concept first developed by CRE,  and demonstrates that an informed venting of regulatory issues in an open forum by stakeholders and the public can provide a valuable input to federal regulators  as encouraged by the Administraton’s  “Open Government” initiative.

Comments Off on CRE Library of Reference Works: The Regulation of Marine Sound

The Western Gray Whale Advisory Panel has released its 2012 Terms of Reference.   The WGWAP’s Terms of Reference are available here.

OIRA Watch

10 January 2012

Some two dozen legislative proposals to improve the regulatory process are under consideration by the Congress.  Nonetheless, the immediate relief needed for job creation can come though OIRA.

Accordingly  we have launched an interactive public docket (IPD), OIRA Watch,  aimed at demonstrating the need for OIRA to act on particular issues of interest.

The impact of any “Watch” site is heavily depending upon the credibility of its sponsor; please view CRE’s credentials, giving particular attention to the information contained in this link.

Historically, federal civil servants played a critical role in developing and implementing federal policy. The attached article in the Administrative Law Review,published by the American Bar Association in conjunction  with the Washington College of Law of the American University, sets forth in Section D on page 54  the critical role career federal employees had in the establishment of centralized regulatory review in the White House Office of Management and Budget.

Administrative Law Review-Tozzi