Under the US Endangered Species Act, the Fish and Wildlife Service and the
National Marine Fisheries Service are responsible for designating species as endangered or threatened and ensuring that federal actions do not adversely affect listed species. Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, the US Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for registering pesticides and ensuring that pesticides do not cause unreasonable adverse effects on the environment, which includes listed species. EPA, FWS, NMFS, and the US Department of Agriculture asked the National Research Council to examine scientific and technical issues related to determining risks to species that are listed under the ESA posed by pesticides that are registered under FIFRA. The NAS report on these issues is available by clicking here.