[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 3, Volume 3, 1998 Compilation and Parts 100 to 102]
[Revised as of January 1, 1999]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 3CFR13101]

[Page 210-220]
Executive Order 13101 of September 14, 1998

Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal 

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Solid Waste Disposal 
Act, Public Law 89-272, 79 Stat. 997, as amended by the Resource 
Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Public Law 94-580, 90 Stat. 2795, 
as amended (42 U.S.C. 6901-6907), section 301 of title 3, United States 
Code, and in order to improve the Federal Government's use of recycled 
products and environmentally preferable products and services, it is 
hereby ordered as follows:
Section 101. Consistent with the demands of efficiency and cost 
effectiveness, the head of each executive agency shall incorporate waste 
prevention and recycling in the agency's daily operations and work to 
increase and expand markets for recovered materials through greater 
Federal Government preference and demand for such products. It is the 
national policy to prefer

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pollution prevention, whenever feasible. Pollution that cannot be 
prevented should be recycled; pollution that cannot be prevented or 
recycled should be treated in an environmentally safe manner. Disposal 
should be employed only as a last resort.
Sec. 102. Consistent with policies established by the Office of Federal 
Procurement Policy (OFPP) Policy Letter 92-4, agencies shall comply with 
executive branch policies for the acquisition and use of environmentally 
preferable products and services and implement cost-effective 
procurement preference programs favoring the purchase of these products 
and services.
Sec. 103. This order creates a Steering Committee, a Federal 
Environmental Executive (FEE), and a Task Force, and establishes Agency 
Environmental Executive (AEE) positions within each agency, to be 
responsible for ensuring the implementation of this order. The FEE, 
AEEs, and members of the Steering Committee and Task Force shall be 
full-time Federal Government employees.
For purposes of this order:
Sec. 201. ``Environmentally preferable'' means products or services that 
have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when 
compared with competing products or services that serve the same 
purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, 
production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, 
maintenance, or disposal of the product or service.
Sec. 202. ``Executive agency'' or ``agency'' means an executive agency 
as defined in 5 U.S.C. 105. For the purpose of this order, military 
departments, as defined in 5 U.S.C. 102, are covered under the auspices 
of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 203. ``Postconsumer material'' means a material or finished product 
that has served its intended use and has been discarded for disposal or 
recovery, having completed its life as a consumer item. ``Postconsumer 
material'' is a part of the broader category of ``recovered material.''
Sec. 204. ``Acquisition'' means the acquiring by contract with 
appropriated funds for supplies or services (including construction) by 
and for the use of the Federal Government through purchase or lease, 
whether the supplies or services are already in existence or must be 
created, developed, demonstrated, and evaluated. Acquisition begins at 
the point when agency needs are established and includes the description 
of requirements to satisfy agency needs, solicitation and selection of 
sources, award of contracts, contract financing, contract performance, 
contract administration, and those technical and management functions 
directly related to the process of fulfilling agency needs by contract.
Sec. 205. ``Recovered materials'' means waste materials and by-products 
that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but such term 
does not include those materials and by-products generated from, and 
commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process (42 U.S.C. 
6903 (19)).
Sec. 206. ``Recyclability'' means the ability of a product or material 
to be recovered from, or otherwise diverted from, the solid waste stream 
for the purpose of recycling.

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Sec. 207. ``Recycling'' means the series of activities, including 
collection, separation, and processing, by which products or other 
materials are recovered from the solid waste stream for use in the form 
of raw materials in the manufacture of new products other than fuel for 
producing heat or power by combustion.
Sec. 208. ``Waste prevention'' means any change in the design, 
manufacturing, purchase, or use of materials or products (including 
packaging) to reduce their amount or toxicity before they are discarded. 
Waste prevention also refers to the reuse of products or materials.
Sec. 209. ``Waste reduction'' means preventing or decreasing the amount 
of waste being generated through waste prevention, recycling, or 
purchasing recycled and environmentally preferable products.
Sec. 210. ``Life cycle cost'' means the amortized annual cost of a 
product, including capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, 
maintenance costs, and disposal costs discounted over the lifetime of 
the product.
Sec. 211. ``Life cycle assessment'' means the comprehensive examination 
of a product's environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts 
throughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, 
transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal.
Sec. 212. ``Pollution prevention'' means ``source reduction'' as defined 
in the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13102), and other 
practices that reduce or eliminate the creation of pollutants through: 
(a) increased efficiency in the use of raw materials, energy, water, or 
other resources; or (b) protection of natural resources by conservation.
Sec. 213. ``Biobased product'' means a commercial or industrial product 
(other than food or feed) that utilizes biological products or renewable 
domestic agricultural (plant, animal, and marine) or forestry materials.
Sec. 214. ``Major procuring agencies'' shall include any executive 
agency that procures over $50 million per year of goods and services.
Sec. 301. Committees, Executives, and Task Force. (a) Steering 
Committee. There is hereby established a Steering Committee on Greening 
the Government through Waste Prevention and Recycling (``Steering 
Committee''). The Steering Committee shall be composed of the Chair of 
the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), the Federal Environmental 
Executive (FEE), and the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy 
(OFPP). The Steering Committee, which shall be chaired by the Chair of 
the CEQ, is directed to charter a Task Force to facilitate 
implementation of this order, and shall provide the Task Force with 
policy direction in such implementation.
    (b) Federal Environmental Executive. A Federal Environmental 
Executive, Environmental Protection Agency, shall be designated by the 
President. The FEE shall chair the Task Force described in subsection 
(c), take all actions necessary to ensure that the agencies comply with 
the requirements of this order, and generate a biennial report to the 
    (c) Task Force. The Steering Committee shall charter a Task Force on 
Greening the Government through Waste Prevention and Recycling (``Task 
Force''), which shall be chaired by the FEE and composed of staff from 

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major procuring agencies. The Steering Committee, in consultation with 
the agencies, shall determine the necessary staffing and resources for 
the Task Force. The major procuring agencies shall provide, to the 
extent practicable and permitted by law, resources and support to the 
Task Force and the FEE, upon request from the Steering Committee. The 
Task Force shall have the duty of assisting the FEE and the agencies in 
implementing this order, subject to policy direction provided by the 
Steering Committee. The Task Force shall report through the FEE to the 
Chair of the Steering Committee.
    (d) Agency Environmental Executives (AEEs). Within 90 days after the 
date of this order, the head of each major procuring agency shall 
designate an AEE from among his or her staff, who serves at a level no 
lower than the Assistant Secretary level or equivalent, and shall notify 
the Chair of CEQ and the FEE of such designation.
Sec. 302. Duties. (a) The Federal Environmental Executive. The FEE, 
working through the Task Force, and in consultation with the AEEs, 
    (1) Develop a Government-wide Waste Prevention and Recycling 
Strategic Plan (``Strategic Plan'') to further implement this order. The 
Strategic Plan should be initially developed within 180 days of the date 
of this order and revised as necessary thereafter. The Strategic Plan 
should include, but is not limited to, the following elements:
    (a) direction and initiatives for acquisition of recycled and 
recyclable products and environmentally preferable products and 
    (b) development of affirmative procurement programs;
    (c) review and revision of standards and product specifications;
    (d) assessment and evaluation of compliance;
    (e) reporting requirements;
    (f) outreach programs to promote adoption of practices endorsed in 
this order; and
    (g) development and implementation of new technologies that are of 
environmental significance.
    (2) Prepare a biennial report to the President on the actions taken 
by the agencies to comply with this order. The report also may 
incorporate information from existing agency reports regarding 
Government-wide progress in implementing the following Executive Orders: 
12843, Procurement Requirements and Policies for Federal Agencies for 
Ozone Depleting Substances; 13031, Federal Alternative Fueled Vehicle 
Leadership; 12845, Requiring Agencies to Purchase Energy Efficient 
Computer Equipment; 12856, Federal Compliance with Right-to-Know Laws 
and Pollution Prevention Requirements; 12902, Energy Efficiency and 
Water Conservation at Federal Facilities; and 12969, Federal Acquisition 
and Community Right-to-Know.
    (3) In coordination with the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, 
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the General Services 
Administration (GSA), and the Department of Agriculture (USDA), convene 
a group of acquisition/procurement managers and environmental State, and 
local government managers to work with State and local governments to 
improve the Federal, State, and local governments' use of recycled 
products and environmentally preferable products and services.

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    (4) Coordinate appropriate Government-wide education and training 
programs for agencies.
    (5) Establish committees and work groups, as needed, to identify, 
assess, and recommend actions to be taken to fulfill the goals, 
responsibilities, and initiatives of the FEE. As these committees and 
work groups are created, agencies are requested to designate appropriate 
personnel in the areas of procurement and acquisition, standards and 
specifications, electronic commerce, facilities management, pollution 
prevention, waste prevention, recycling, and others as needed to staff 
and work on these initiatives. An initial group shall be established to 
develop recommendations for tracking and reporting requirements, taking 
into account the costs and benefits of such tracking and reporting. The 
Steering Committee shall consult with the AEEs before approving these 
    (b) Agency Environmental Executives. The AEEs shall:
    (1) translate the Government-wide Strategic Plan into specific 
agency and service plans;
    (2) implement the specific agency and service plans;
    (3) report to the FEE on the progress of plan implementation;
    (4) work with the FEE and the Task Force in furthering 
implementation of this order; and
    (5) track agencies' purchases of EPA-designated guideline items and 
report agencies' purchases of such guideline items to the FEE per the 
recommendations developed in subsection 302(a)(5) of this order. Agency 
acquisition and procurement personnel shall justify in writing to the 
file and to the AEE the rationale for not purchasing such items, above 
the micropurchase threshold (as set out in the Office of Federal 
Procurement Policy Act at 41 U.S.C. 428), and submit a plan and 
timetable for increasing agency purchases of the designated item(s).
    (6) one year after a product is placed on the USDA Biobased Products 
List, estimate agencies' purchases of products on the list and report 
agencies' estimated purchases of such products to the Secretary of 
Sec. 401. Acquisition Planning. In developing plans, drawings, work 
statements, specifications, or other product descriptions, agencies 
shall consider, as appropriate, a broad range of factors including: 
elimination of virgin material requirements; use of biobased products; 
use of recovered materials; reuse of product; life cycle 
cost;recyclability; use of environmentally preferable products; waste 
prevention (including toxicity reduction or elimination); and ultimate 
disposal. These factors should be considered in acquisition planning for 
all procurement and in the evaluation and award of contracts, as 
appropriate. Program and acquisition managers should take an active role 
in these activities.
Sec. 402. Affirmative Procurement Programs. (a) The head of each 
executive agency shall develop and implement affirmative procurement 
programs in accordance with section 6002 of RCRA (42 U.S.C. 6962) and 
this order and consider use of the procurement tools and methods 
described in 7 U.S.C. 5909. Agencies shall ensure that responsibilities 
for preparation, im

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plementation, and monitoring of affirmative procurement programs are 
shared between the program personnel and acquisition and procurement 
personnel. For the purposes of all purchases made pursuant to this 
order, EPA, in consultation with such other executive agencies as 
appropriate, shall endeavor to maximize environmental benefits, 
consistent with price, performance, and availability considerations, and 
constraints imposed by law, and shall adjust solicitation guidelines as 
necessary in order to accomplish this goal.
    (b) Agencies shall establish affirmative procurement programs for 
all EPA-designated guideline items purchased by their agency. For newly 
designated items, agencies shall revise their internal programs within 1 
year from the date the EPA designated the new items.
    (c) Exclusive of the biobased products described in section 504, for 
the EPA-designated guideline items, which are contained in 40 CFR part 
247, and for all future designated guideline items, agencies shall 
ensure that their affirmative procurement programs require 100 percent 
of their purchases of products to meet or exceed the EPA guideline 
unless written justification is provided that a product is not available 
competitively within a reasonable time frame, does not meet appropriate 
performance standards, or is only available at an unreasonable price. 
Written justification is not required for purchases below the 
micropurchase threshold. For micropurchases, agencies shall provide 
guidance regarding purchase of EPA-designated guideline items. This 
guidance should encourage consideration of aggregating purchases when 
this method would promote economy and efficiency.
    (d) Within 90 days after the date of this order, the head of each 
executive agency that has not implemented an affirmative procurement 
program shall ensure that the affirmative procurement program has been 
established and is being implemented to the maximum extent practicable.
Sec. 403. Federal Facility Compliance. (a) Within 6 months of the date 
of this order, the Administrator of the EPA shall, in consultation with 
the Federal Environmental Executive, prepare guidance for use in 
determining Federal facility compliance with section 6002 of RCRA and 
the related requirements of this order.
    (b) EPA inspections of Federal facilities conducted pursuant to RCRA 
and the Federal Facility Compliance Act and EPA ``multi-media'' 
inspections carried out at Federal facilities will include, where 
appropriate, evaluation of facility compliance with section 6002 of RCRA 
and any implementing guidance.
    (c) Where inspections of Federal facilities are carried out by 
authorized States pursuant to RCRA and the Federal Facility Compliance 
Act, the Administrator of the EPA will encourage those States to include 
evaluation of facility compliance with section 6002 of RCRA in light of 
EPA guidance prepared pursuant to subsection (a), where appropriate, 
similar to inspections performed by the EPA. The EPA may provide 
information and technical assistance to the States to enable them to 
include such considerations in their inspection.
    (d) The EPA shall report annually to the Federal Environmental 
Executive on the results of inspections performed by the EPA to 
determine Federal facility compliance with section 6002 of RCRA not 
later than February 1st for those inspections conducted during the 
previous fiscal year.

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Sec. 501. Specifications, Product Descriptions, and Standards. When 
developing, reviewing, or revising Federal and military specifications, 
product descriptions (including commercial item descriptions), and 
standards, executive agencies shall consider recovered materials and any 
environmentally preferable purchasing criteria developed by the EPA, and 
ensure the criteria are complied with in developing or revising 
standards. Agencies shall report annually to the FEE on their compliance 
with this section for incorporation into the biennial report to the 
President referred to in section 302(a)(2) of this order. (a) If an 
inconsistency with section 6002 of RCRA or this order is identified in a 
specification, standard, or product description, the FEE shall request 
that the Environmental Executive of the pertinent agency advise the FEE 
as to why the specification cannot be revised or submit a plan for 
revising it within 60 days.
    (b) If an agency is able to revise an inconsistent specification but 
cannot do so within 60 days, it is the responsibility of that AEE to 
monitor and implement the plan for revising it.
Sec. 502. Designation of Items that Contain Recovered Materials. In 
order to expedite the process of designating items that are or can be 
made with recovered materials, the EPA shall use the following process 
for designating these items in accordance with section 6002(e) of RCRA. 
(a) The EPA shall designate items that are or can be made with recovered 
material, by promulgating amendments to the Comprehensive Procurement 
Guideline (CPG). The CPG shall be updated every 2 years or as 
appropriate after an opportunity for public comment.
    (b) Concurrent with the issuance of the CPG, the EPA shall publish 
for comment in the Federal Register Recovered Materials Advisory Notices 
that present the range of recovered materials content levels within 
which the designated items are currently available. These levels shall 
be updated periodically, after opportunity for public comment, to 
reflect changes in market conditions.
    (c) Once items containing recovered materials have been designated 
by the EPA in the CPG, agencies shall modify their affirmative 
procurement programs to require that, to the maximum extent practicable, 
their purchases of products meet or exceed the EPA guidelines unless 
written justification is provided that a product is not available 
competitively, not available within a reasonable time frame, does not 
meet appropriate performance standards, or is only available at an 
unreasonable price.
Sec. 503. Guidance on Acquisition of Environmentally Preferable Products 
and Services. (a) The EPA shall develop guidance within 90 days from the 
date of this order to address environmentally preferable purchasing. The 
guidance may be based on the EPA's September 1995 Proposed Guidance on 
the Acquisition of Environmentally Preferable Products and Services and 
comments received thereon. The guidance should be designed for 
Government-wide use and targeted towards products and services that have 
the most effect. The guidance may also address the issues of use of the 
technical expertise of nongovernmental entities and tools such as life 
cycle assessment in decisions on environmentally preferable purchasing. 
The EPA shall update this guidance every 2 years, or as appropriate.
    (b) Agencies are encouraged to immediately test and evaluate the 
principles and concepts contained in the EPA's Guidance on the 

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of Environmentally Preferable Products and Services through pilot 
projects to provide practical information to the EPA for further 
updating of the guidance. Specifically:
    (1) These pilot projects shall be focused around those product and 
service categories, including printing, that have wide use within the 
Federal Government. Priorities regarding which product and service 
categories to pilot shall be developed by the individual agencies and 
the EPA, in consultation with the OFPP, the FEE, and the appropriate 
agency procurement executives. Any policy disagreements shall be 
resolved by the Steering Committee.
    (2) Agencies are encouraged to use all of the options available to 
them to determine the environmentally preferable attributes of products 
and services in their pilot and demonstration projects, including the 
use of technical expertise of nongovernmental entities such as labeling, 
certification, or standards-developing organizations, as well as using 
the expertise of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
    (3) Upon request and to the extent practicable, the EPA shall assist 
executive agencies in designing, implementing, and documenting the 
results of these pilot and demonstration projects.
    (4) The EPA, in coordination with other executive agencies, shall 
develop a database of information about these projects, including, but 
not limited to, the number and status of pilot projects, examples of 
agencies' policy directives, revisions to specifications, solicitation 
procedures, and grant/contract policies that facilitate adoption of 
environmentally preferable purchasing practices, to be integrated on a 
commonly available electronic medium (e.g., Internet Web site). These 
data are to be reported to the FEE.
    (c) Executive agencies shall use the principles and concepts in the 
EPA Guidance on Acquisition of Environmentally Preferable Products and 
Services, in addition to the lessons from the pilot and demonstration 
projects, to the maximum extent practicable, in identifying and 
purchasing environmentally preferable products and services and shall 
modify their procurement programs as appropriate.
Sec. 504. Designation of Biobased Items by the USDA. The USDA Biobased 
Products Coordination Council shall, in consultation with the FEE, issue 
a Biobased Products List. (a) The Biobased Products List shall be 
published in the Federal Register by the USDA within 180 days after the 
date of this order and shall be updated biannually after publication to 
include additional items.
    (b) Once the Biobased Products List has been published, agencies are 
encouraged to modify their affirmative procurement program to give 
consideration to those products.
Sec. 505. Minimum Content Standard for Printing and Writing Paper. 
Executive agency heads shall ensure that their agencies meet or exceed 
the following minimum materials content standards when purchasing or 
causing the purchase of printing and writing paper: (a) For high speed 
copier paper, offset paper, forms bond, computer printout paper, 
carbonless paper, file folders, white wove envelopes, writing and office 
paper, book paper, cotton fiber paper, and cover stock, the minimum 
content standard shall be no less than 30 percent postconsumer materials 
beginning December 31, 1998.

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If paper containing 30 percent postconsumer material is not reasonably 
available, does not meet reasonable performance requirements, or is only 
available at an unreasonable price, then the agency shall purchase paper 
containing no less than 20 percent postconsumer material. The Steering 
Committee, in consultation with the AEEs, may revise these levels if 
    (b) As an alternative to meeting the standards in sections 505(a), 
for all printing and writing papers, the minimum content standard shall 
be no less than 50 percent recovered materials that are a waste material 
byproduct of a finished product other than a paper or textile product 
that would otherwise be disposed of in a landfill, as determined by the 
State in which the facility is located.
    (c) Effective January 1, 1999, no executive branch agency shall 
purchase, sell, or arrange for the purchase of, printing and writing 
paper that fails to meet the minimum requirements of this section.
Sec. 506. Revision of Brightness Specifications and Standards. The GSA 
and other executive agencies are directed to identify, evaluate, and 
revise or eliminate any standards or specifications unrelated to 
performance that present barriers to the purchase of paper or paper 
products made by production processes that minimize emissions of harmful 
byproducts. This evaluation shall include a review of unnecessary 
brightness and stock clause provisions, such as lignin content and 
chemical pulp requirements. The GSA shall complete the review and 
revision of such specifications within 6 months after the date of this 
order, and shall consult closely with the Joint Committee on Printing 
during such process. The GSA shall also compile any information or 
market studies that may be necessary to accomplish the objectives of 
this provision.
Sec. 507. Procurement of Re-refined Lubricating Oil and Retread Tires. 
(a) Agencies shall implement the EPA procurement guidelines for re-
refined lubricating oil and retread tires. Fleet and commodity managers 
shall take immediate steps, as appropriate, to procure these items in 
accordance with section 6002 of RCRA. This provision does not preclude 
the acquisition of biobased (e.g., vegetable) oils.
    (b) The FEE shall work to educate executive agencies about the new 
Department of Defense Cooperative Tire Qualification Program, including 
the Cooperative Approval Tire List and Cooperative Plant Qualification 
Program, as they apply to retread tires.

Sec. 601. Agency Goals. (a)(1) Each agency shall establish either a goal 
for solid waste prevention and a goal for recycling or a goal for solid 
waste diversion to be achieved by January 1, 2000. Each agency shall 
further ensure that the established goals include long-range goals to be 
achieved by the years 2005 and 2010. These goals shall be submitted to 
the FEE within 180 days after the date of this order. (2) In addition to 
white paper, mixed paper/cardboard, aluminum, plastic, and glass, 
agencies should incorporate into their recycling programs efforts to 
recycle, reuse, or refurbish pallets and collect toner cartridges for 
remanufacturing. Agencies should also include programs to reduce or 
recycle, as appropriate, batteries, scrap metal, and fluorescent lamps 
and ballasts.

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    (b) Agencies shall set goals to increase the procurement of products 
that are made with recovered materials, in order to maximize the number 
of recycled products purchased, relative to non-recycled alternatives.
    (c) Each agency shall set a goal for increasing the use of 
environmentally preferable products and services for those products and 
services for which the agency has completed a pilot program.
    (d) Agencies are encouraged to incorporate into their Government 
Performance Results Act annual performance plans the goals listed in 
subsections (a), (b), and (c) above, starting with the submittal to the 
Office of Management and Budget of the plan accompanying the FY 2001 
    (e) Progress on attaining these goals should be reported by the 
agencies to the FEE for the biennial report specified in section 
302(a)(2) of this order.
Sec. 701. Contractor Applicability. Contracts that provide for 
contractor operation of a Government-owned or -leased facility and/or 
contracts that provide for contractor or other support services at 
Government-owned or -operated facilities awarded by executive agencies 
after the date of this order, shall include provisions that obligate the 
contractor to comply with the requirements of this order within the 
scope of its operations.
Sec. 702. Real Property Acquisition and Management. Within 90 days after 
the date of this order, and to the extent permitted by law and where 
economically feasible, executive agencies shall ensure compliance with 
the provisions of this order in the acquisition and management of 
Federally owned and leased space. The GSA and other executive agencies 
shall also include environmental and recycling provisions in the 
acquisition and management of all leased space and in the construction 
of new Federal buildings.
Sec. 703. Retention of Funds. (a) The Administrator of General Services 
shall continue with the program that retains for the agencies the 
proceeds from the sale of materials recovered through recycling or waste 
prevention programs and specifying the eligibility requirements for the 
materials being recycled.
    (b) Agencies in non-GSA managed facilities, to the extent permitted 
by law, should develop a plan to retain the proceeds from the sale of 
materials recovered through recycling or waste prevention programs.
Sec. 704. Model Facility Programs. Each executive agency shall establish 
a model demonstration program incorporating some or all of the following 
elements as appropriate. Agencies are encouraged to demonstrate and test 
new and innovative approaches such as incorporating environmentally 
preferable and bio-based products; increasing the quantity and types of 
products containing recovered materials; expanding collection programs; 
implementing source reduction programs; composting organic materials 
when feasible; and exploring public/private partnerships to develop 
markets for recovered materials.
Sec. 705. Recycling Programs. (a)(1) Each executive agency that has not 
already done so shall initiate a program to promote cost-effective waste 
prevention and recycling of reusable materials in all of its facilities. 
The recy

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cling programs implemented pursuant to this section must be compatible 
with applicable State and local recycling requirements.
    (2) Agencies shall designate a recycling coordinator for each 
facility or installation. The recycling coordinator shall implement or 
maintain waste prevention and recycling programs in the agencies' action 
    (b) Executive agencies shall also consider cooperative ventures with 
State and local governments to promote recycling and waste reduction in 
the community.
Sec. 706. Review of Implementation. The President's Council on Integrity 
and Efficiency shall request that the Inspectors General periodically 
review agencies' implementation of this order.
Sec. 801. Training. (a) Within 180 days of the date of this order, the 
FEE and OFPP should evaluate the training courses provided by the 
Federal Acquisition Institute and the Defense Acquisition University and 
recommend any appropriate curriculum changes to ensure that procurement 
officials are aware of the requirements of this order.
    (b) Executive agencies shall provide training to program management 
and requesting activities as needed to ensure awareness of the 
requirements of this order.
Sec. 802. Internal Agency Awards Programs. Each agency shall develop an 
internal agency-wide awards program, as appropriate, to reward its most 
innovative environmental programs. Among others, winners of agency-wide 
awards will be eligible for the White House Awards Program.
Sec. 803. White House Awards Program. A Government-wide award will be 
presented annually by the White House to the best, most innovative 
programs implementing the objectives of this order to give greater 
visibility to these efforts so that they can be incorporated Government-
wide. The White House Awards Program will be administered jointly by the 
FEE and the CEQ.
Sec. 901. Executive Order 12873 of October 20, 1993, is hereby revoked.
Sec. 902. This order is intended only to improve the internal management 
of the executive branch and is not intended to create any right, 
benefit, or trust responsibility, substantive or procedural, enforceable 
at law by a party against the United States, its agencies, its officers, 
or any other person.
Sec. 903. The policies and direction expressed in the EPA guidance to be 
developed pursuant to section 503 of this order shall be implemented and 
incorporated in the Federal Acquisition Regulation within 180 days after 
issuance of the guidance.
                                                    WILLIAM J. CLINTON  
    September 14, 1998.

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