Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets wage, hours worked, and safety
requirements for minors (individuals under age 18) working in jobs
by the statute. The rules vary depending upon the particular age
of the minor and the particular job involved. As a general rule, the
FLSA sets 14 years of age as the minimum age for employment, and
limits the number of hours worked by minors under the age of 16.
Also, the FLSA generally prohibits the employment of a minor in
work declared hazardous
by the Secretary of Labor (for example, work involving excavation,
driving, and the operation of many types of power-driven equipment).
The FLSA contains a number of requirements that apply only to
particular types of jobs (for example, agricultural
work or the operation
of motor vehicles) and many exceptions
to the general rules (for example, work
by a minor for his or her parents). Each state also has its own
laws relating to employment, including the employment of minors. If
law and the FLSA overlap, the law which is more protective of
the minor will apply.
Hours Can 14- and 15-Year-old Youth Work?
information on permissible work hours for minor employees.
Hours Can Young Workers Work?
Additional information on work
Hours Per Day Or Per Week Can An 16- and 17-Year-olds Work?
Additional information on work hours.
Experience and Career Exploration Program (WECEP)
exceptions to the child labor regulations that permit 14- and
15-year-olds to be employed in otherwise prohibited circumstances.
WECEP is designed to provide a carefully planned work experience and
career exploration program for students who can benefit from a
from Child Labor Rules in Non-Agriculture
Lists many of the
exemptions provided for by the Fair Labor Standards Act.
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Advisor — Child Labor Rules
This Advisor answers questions about workers and businesses that
are subject to the FLSA's child labor rules.
States often have even more specific rules about what jobs minor
employees may perform and when they may perform them. Consult your
state department of labor for this information.
State Child Labor Standards Affecting Minors Under 18 in Non-Farm
A chart listing state-by-state non-farm
employment rules for young workers.
Labor Offices/State Laws
Information on state minimum wage
rates and other state child labor topics.
Departments of Labor Web Sites
Links to state departments of
labor Web sites and contact information for each department.
Minimum Age Standards for Nonagricultural
Regulation on Occupations in Retail, Food
Service, and Gasoline Establishments