From: A Joint Project between Europol and the European Union Intellectual Property Office

2017 Situation Report on Counterfeiting and Piracy in the European Union

Regarding product types, the top categories of detained articles at the external borders in 2015 were cigarettes, which accounted for 27 % of the overall amount of detained articles. . . .


From: InterAgency Journal 8-2 |The Simons Center for Interagency Cooperation

by Joshua D. Foss

From: Tobacco Control

Rebecca S Williams1,2, Jason Derrick1, Aliza Kate Liebman3, Kevin LaFleur1, Kurt M Ribisl1,4


Objective Identify the population of internet e-cigarette vendors (IEVs) and conduct content analyses of their age verification, purchase and delivery methods in 2013 and 2014.

Methods We used multiple sources to identify IEV websites, primarily complex search algorithms scanning more than 180 million websites. In 2013, we manually screened 32 446 websites, identifying 980 IEVs, selecting the 281 most popular for content analysis. This methodology yielded 31 239 websites for screening in 2014, identifying 3096 IEVs, with 283 selected for content analysis.

From: Tobacco Reporter

High nicotine strategy

The 22nd Century Group said yesterday that the US Food and Drug Administration had granted it authorization to conduct a clinical trial on its Brand B low tar-to-nicotine ratio cigarettes.

In a press note, the company, which has recently been promoting its low-nicotine cigarettes as potential harm reduction tools, said the trial was ‘designed to confirm that as smokers make the adjustment to a higher nicotine cigarette, they take in less smoke because the nicotine is more readily available’.

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Editor’s Note: For more information on the racial impact of “sin” taxes, see Weaponizing Poverty.

From: Tobacco Induced Diseases

Aimei Mao, Joan L. Bottorff, John L. Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit and Mary T. Kelly

Received: 20 July 2016 | Accepted: 16 March 2017 | Published: 21 March 2017



Immigrants often experience economic hardship in their host country and tend to belong to economically disadvantaged groups. Individuals of lower socioeconomic status tend to be more sensitive to cigarette price changes. This study explores the cigarette purchasing patterns among Chinese Canadian male immigrants.


Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 22 Chinese Canadian immigrants who were smoking or had quit smoking in the last five years.

From: Global Financial Integrity

By Channing May

Global Financial Integrity is pleased to present here its analysis of Transnational Crime and the Developing World. This follows a similarly named report we produced in 2011, which received considerable attention around the world. Unfortunately, transnational crime in multiple categories continues to grow in every region.


The global community is failing in efforts to curtail transnational crime. Why? Largely because law enforcement is focused on the materials and manifestations of the crimes rather than on the money the crimes generate.


From: Institut C.D. HOWE Institute

Commentary NO. 471

Anindya Sen

The Study In Brief

There is widespread consensus that higher cigarette taxes are the most effective policy tool in reducing population smoking rates and tobacco-induced mortality, but the efficacy of such taxes is tempered by the possibility of a rise in smuggling and the availability of contraband tobacco.

From: Journal of Financial Crime

Author(s):Mark Lauchs , (School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)

Rebecca Keane, (School of Justice, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)



This paper aims to provide an overview of the illicit tobacco market in Australia. It attempts to build a picture of the sources of demand, size of the market and methods of supply.

This paper is based on collation of disparate government reports, industry research, media and court documents. It is a preliminary paper in the absence of better source data.

From: Crime Prevention in the 21st Century

Stefano Caneppele


This chapter presents a case study on crime proofing of legislation. The case study regards the new EU Tobacco Products Directive. The study applied the crime proofing methodology to the draft version (submitted to the EU Parliament) in order to understand whether the new regulation may unintentionally have generated criminal opportunities. It revealed that some provisions, namely the ban on menthol and slim cigarettes, would significantly increase the crime risks of an enlargement of the illicit market. Eventually, the European Parliament did not vote for the ban of slim cigarettes which—according to the analysis—would play a key role in increasing ITTP risks. On the other hand, the entry into enforcement of the menthol ban was also planned only after a phase-out period of 4 years. It is impossible to say whether and how much this study persuaded European regulators. However, this exercise proved the relevance of the CPL methodology in crime prevention.

From: Journal of Global Public Health

Ross MacKenzie, Jappe Eckhardt & Ade Widyati Prastyani

Japan Tobacco International (JTI) is the international division of Japan Tobacco Incorporated, and the world’s third largest transnational tobacco company. Founded in 1999, JTI’s rapid growth has been the result of a global business strategy that potentially serves as a model for other Asian tobacco companies. This paper analyses Japan Tobacco Incorporated’s global expansion since the 1980s in response to market opening, foreign competition, and declining share of a contracting domestic market. Key features of its global strategy include the on-going central role and investment by the Japanese government, and an expansion agenda based on mergers and acquisitions. The paper also discusses the challenges this global business strategy poses for global tobacco control and public health. This paper is part of the special issue ‘The Emergence of Asian Tobacco Companies: Implications for Global Health Governance’.